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Health and social care

Health and social care investigates why and how people grow and develop and the different types of care available to meet their needs and how they can access these successfully.

Studying health and social care has taught me about different skills and how they can be applied in a professional care setting. I have also enjoyed the coursework and freedom it gives me to research and make links between the different topics.
Year 13 student

In Year 1, students study human lifespan development where they learn about human growth and development, theories and models to explain behaviour and the interaction between the physical and psychological factors of the ageing process.

Students also investigate psychological perspectives and create portfolios of evidence to demonstrate their knowledge of different psychological perspectives and how these approaches have formed the basis of different techniques and therapeutic practices to manage and treat behaviours. 

In Year 2, students investigate the range of roles within health and social care settings. They will also investigate how to meet individual care and support needs and will create portfolios of evidence to demonstrate their knowledge of the values and principles of meeting care and support needs and ethical issues that arise when personalising care.

Health and social care gives students an introduction to the biggest employment sector in the UK. The course covers a range of traditional and contemporary issues that influence the way we develop and the care we receive to meet our needs. There are good opportunities to develop critical thinking, analytical and evaluative skills. 

 

YEAR 12

 

Learning outcomes

  • Demonstrate knowledge of physical, intellectual, emotional and social development across the human life span.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of factors affecting human growth and development and effects of ageing.
  • Analyse and evaluate information related to human development theories/models and factors affecting human growth and development.
  • Make connections between theories/models in relation to human development, factors affecting human growth and development and effects of ageing.
  • Explain how psychological perspectives contribute to the understanding, management and treatment of human development and behaviour.
  • Describe how psychological perspectives are applied in health and social care settings to improve social functioning.

 

Topics taught

  • Physical development across the life span including fine and gross motor skills, puberty, menopause and effects of ageing.
  • Intellectual development across the life span including theories of cognitive and language development, the development of reasoned thinking and the effects of ageing on memory.
  • Emotional development across the life span including theories of attachment and the development of self-concept.
  • Social development across the life span including stages of play and the development of relationships and independence.
  • Factors affecting development including genetic factors, environmental factors, social factors and economic factors.
  • The nature nurture debate.
  • Major life events including predictable and unpredictable events.
  • The effect of stress on development.
  • Physical, psychological and societal effects of ageing.
  • Principal psychological perspectives including behaviourist, social learning, psychodynamic, cognitive, biological and humanistic.
  • The contribution of principal psychological perspectives in the understanding, management and treatment of specific behaviours including OCD, depression, self-harm and addiction.
  • Factors that affect human behaviour and specific behaviours
  • Theories explaining the behaviour and social functioning of service users in health and social care settings including obedience, role theory, conformity, attitude change, influence and factors influencing hostility and aggression.
  • Care values and practices in health and social care settings.

 

 

YEAR 13

 

Learning outcomes

  • Demonstrate knowledge of service user needs, the roles and responsibilities of workers and working practices within the health and social care sector.
  • Evaluate the roles and responsibilities of health and social care workers and organisations.
  • Describe how workers and organisations are monitored and regulated.
  • Make connections between the roles and responsibilities of health and social care workers and organisations, how workers and organisations are monitored and regulated and how multidisciplinary teams work together to meet service user needs.
  • Understand the principles, values and skills which underpin meeting the care and support needs of individuals.
  • Explain the ethical issues involved when providing care and support to meet individual needs.
  • Explain the principles behind enabling individuals with care and support needs to overcome challenges.
  • Explain the roles of professionals and how they work together to provide the care and support necessary to meet individual needs.

 

Topics taught

  • The roles and responsibilities of individuals working in health and social care settings.
  • Specific responsibilities of care providers including anti-discriminatory practice, empowerment, ensuring safety and information management.
  • Multi-disciplinary working.
  • Monitoring the work of health and social care providers.
  • Health and social care settings and sectors.
  • Issues that affect access to services.
  • Representing the interests of service users.
  • Roles of organisations that regulate and inspect health and social care services in England.
  • People with specific needs.
  • Working practices in health and social care.
  • Promoting equality, diversity and preventing discrimination.
  • Skills and personal attributes required for developing relationships with individuals.
  • Empathy theories and their use in establishing trust with individuals.
  • Ethical issues and approaches.
  • Legislation and guidance on conflicts of interest, balancing resources and minimising risk.
  • Types of challenges faced by individuals and how to enable individuals to overcome these challenges.
  • Promoting personalisation in health and social care to meet individual needs.
  • Communication techniques and their role in building trusting relationships.
  • How agencies work together to meet individual care and support needs.
  • Roles and responsibilities of key professionals on multidisciplinary teams.
  • Managing information and maintaining confidentiality.

 

 

Link to exam specification

 

 

https://qualifications.pearson.com/en/qualifications/btec-nationals/health-and-social-care-2016.html