Students will learn about the English legal system, statute and common law and the operation of the civil and criminal justice system. They explore substantive criminal laws, covering offences against people and property. This includes crimes such as murder, theft and robbery.

There are endless possibilities to explore controversial topics such as murder and negligence.
Year 12 student

Students will also study the civil law of Tort, which includes negligence and the liability of occupiers for injuries suffered on their premises. In the final year of the course, students will cover the law of contract, including consumer rights under the Consumer Rights Act 2015.

Year 1:

  • Law of Tort – Negligence, Occupiers Liability and civil defences.
  • English legal systems
  • Civil and criminal court structure
  • Criminal law – Non-fatal offences


Year 2:

  • Law of Tort – Nuisance and rule in Rylands v Fletcher, Vicarious liability, Economic loss and psychiatric injury.
  • Law and relationship with morality and justice
  • Competing interests in law
  • Contract law
  • Criminal law – fatal offences and property offences, defences.




Learning outcomes

  • Basic understanding of the nature of law.
  • Understanding of the rule of law.
  • Understanding of law making in different forms.
  • Knowledge of the criminal legal system.
  • Knowledge of the civil legal system.
  • Understand the role of professionals and lay people within the law.
  • Understand the elements of criminal liability.
  • Explain the requirements of non-fatal offences against the person.
  • Understand liability in tort for personal injury and damage as a result of negligence and occupier’s liability.

Topics taught

  • Distinction between civil and criminal law.
  • Liability in negligence.
  • Liability for occupier’s liability.
  • Elements of criminal liability.
  • Non-fatal offences: Assault, battery, s47 assault occasioning actual bodily harm, S20 and s18 Offences Against the Person Act 1861.
  • Strict liability offences.
  • Punishment.
  • Parliamentary law making.
  • Delegated legislation.
  • Statutory interpretation.
  • Judicial precedent.
  • Law reform.
  • EU law.
  • Civil courts and ADR.
  • Criminal courts and lay people.
  • Legal personnel and the judiciary.
  • Access to justice and funding.




Learning outcomes

  • Understanding of criminal law offences relating to people and property.
  • Understanding of the defences in criminal law.
  • Liability in tort.
  • Theory and rules of tort law.
  • Remedies for tort.
  • Defences in tort.
  • Understanding of the link between law and society.
  • Understanding of law and morality.
  • Understanding of law and justice.
  • Theory and rules of tort law.
  • Theory and rules of contract law.
  • Requirements of contract.
  • Contract terms.
  • Discharge of a contract.
  • Remedies in contract law.

Topics taught

  • Murder.
  • Manslaughter.
  • Theft.
  • Robbery.
  • Intoxication.
  • Insanity.
  • Automatism.
  • Self Defence.
  • Duress.
  • Offer, acceptance and consideration in contract law.
  • Privity of contract and intention to create legal relations.
  • Exclusion clauses.
  • Vitiating factors.
  • Performance, breach and frustration of a contract.
  • Remedies including, damages, equitable remedies and termination for breach.
  • Express terms – Conditions, warranties and innominate terms.
  • Misrepresentation and economic duress.
  • Implied terms and remedies under Consumer Rights Act 2015.
  • Theories of contract law.
  • Rules relating to contract law.
  • Theories and rules of criminal law.
  • Theories and rules of civil law.
  • Nuisance.
  • Rule in Rylands v Fletcher.
  • Pure economic loss in tort.
  • Claims for psychiatric injury.
  • Vicarious liability.
  • Nature of law and morality.
  • Nature of law and justice.
  • Law and society and competing interests.


Link to exam specification